一周七天的来历

从金山词霸上查到的,查Wednesday:

We say the names of the days of the week constantly, but for most of us they are nonsense syllables.  The seven-day system we use is based on the ancient astrological notion that the seven celestial bodies (the sun, the moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn) revolving around stationary Earth influence what happens on it and that each of these celestial bodies controls the first hour of the day named after it. This system was brought into Hellenistic Egypt from Mesopotamia, where astrology had been practiced for millenniums and where seven had always been a propitious number. In  a.d. 321 the Emperor Constantine the Great grafted this astrological system onto the Roman calendar, made the first day of this new week a day of rest and worship for all, and imposed the following sequence and names to the days of the week:  Di¶s S½lis, “Sun’s Day”;  Di¶s L¿nae, “Moon’s Day”;  Di¶s Martis, “Mars’s Day”;  Di¶s Mercuriº, “Mercury’s Day”;  Di¶s Iovis, “Jove’s Day” or “Jupiter’s Day”;  Di¶s Veneris, “Venus’s Day”; and  Di¶s Saturnº, “Saturn’s Day.” This new Roman system was adopted with modifications throughout most of western Europe: in the Germanic languages, such as Old English, the names of four of the Roman gods were converted into those of the corresponding Germanic gods. Therefore in Old English we have the following names (with their Modern English developments):  Sunnandæg, Sunday;  M½nandæg, Monday;  Tºwesdæg, Tuesday (the god Tiu, like Mars, was a god of war);  W½dnesdæg, Wednesday (the god Woden, like Mercury, was quick and eloquent);  Thunresdæg, Thursday (the god Thunor in Old English or Thor in Old Norse, like Jupiter, was lord of the sky; Old Norse  Th½rsdagr influenced the English form);  Frºgedæg, Friday (the goddess Frigg, like Venus, was the goddess of love); and  Saeternesdæg, Saturday.

我们经常说一周各天的名字,但对我们中的大多数人来说,它们是毫无意义的音节。我们使用的七天制度是建立在古代星象学的观点上,即绕着静止不动的地球旋转的七个天体(太阳、月亮、火星、水星、木星、金星和土星),影响着地球上发生的事情,并且这些天体控制着以它们的名字命名的周日的第一个小时。这个体制从美索不达米亚引进到具有古希腊文明的埃及,在美索不达米亚,星象术已流行了上百万年,七一直是个吉利的数字。在 公元321年伟大的康斯坦丁国王把星相学系统用于罗马历,把这种新星期的第一天作为休息与做礼拜的一天,并把以下的次序及名字加在其它的周日上: Dies solis,“太阳日”;  Dies Lunae“月亮日”;  Dies Martis“金星日”;  Dies Mercurii,“水星日”;  Dies Iovis,“朱维日”或“木星日”;  Dies Veneris,“金星日”; 和 Dies Saturni,“土星日”。 这种新罗马体制在西欧的大部地区有所改变后被采用:在日耳曼语言中,如古英语中,四位罗马神的名字被改为相应的日耳曼神的名字。所以在古英语中我们看到以下的名字(以及他们的现代英语形式): Sunnanhd?g,星期日; Monand?g,星期一; Tiwesd?g,星期二(蒂乌神,象玛尔斯一样,是战神); Wodnesd?g,星期三(沃登,象墨丘利一样,行动敏捷,善于词辩); Thunresd?g,星期四(古英语中的撒纳及古挪威语的索,象朱庇特一样,是宇宙之主;古挪威语的 Thorsdagr影响了英语中的该词的形式); Friged?g,星期五(女神弗丽嘉,象维纳斯一样,是爱神);和 Saeternesd?g,星期六

 

 

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2 Responses to 一周七天的来历

  1. says:

    为什么有那么多乱码?

  2. JC says:

    貌似不是乱码,是什么字符集啊?好奇怪金山糍粑怎么专门给Wednesday这么详细的解释@_@

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